Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that literacy is a gateway to knowledge of self, others, the world and opportunity.


  • Uses strategies to understand vocabulary
  • Applies strategies to comprehend text
  • Reads with fluency
  • Reads and responds with understanding through discussion and in writing
  • Makes appropriate book choices for independent reading 

Focus Areas & Objectives

Building Good Habits

Uses pre-reading strategies, word solving skills and context clues to build stamina and monitor comprehension

Character Study

Determines character traits based on important events

Author Study

Examines how text evidence can be used to infer the author’s message

Non-Fiction Study

Uses text features to make predictions to identify main idea and details  

Refining Comprehension Strategies

Integrates comprehension strategies to answer questions and respond to text

Realistic Fiction

Discusses ideas, reactions to characters and conflicts within the text to discover themes

Big Ideas About Friendship

Notices recurring themes found in text about friendship to deepen understanding

Making Plans for a Reading Life

Reflects on skills that good readers use and sets goals for independent reading

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that writing is a vehicle for enjoyment, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Generates and organizes ideas
  • Uses support and elaboration
  • Writes with fluency
  • Revises work to accurately convey thoughts and ideas
  • Edits written work using appropriate capitalization, punctuation, spelling and grammar

Focus Areas & Objectives

Writers Build Good Habits

Uses the writer’s notebook to collect ideas and develop writing skills

Personal Narratives

Uses specific craft strategies to develop organization and fluency

Realistic Fiction

Understands the structure of the genre and applies this to craft a fluent and detailed piece


Identifies and uses revision strategies to strengthen and improve writing

Polishing Narrative Text

Reviews and applies craft strategies to fashion a detailed and focused story


Studies and uses structure to write a collection of poems that are consistent with a theme or message

Feature Articles

Understands and applies the structure and elaboration to inform and entertain

Independent Writing Projects

Chooses a topic and genre of interest and applies strategies and skills to craft an independent work

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that an understanding of mathematical principles and processes will enable them to analyze and solve problems systematically and efficiently.


  • Uses mental and written strategies to compute with accuracy and efficiency
  • Communicates mathematical thinking through written and oral language
  • Displays, analyzes, compares and interprets information to solve problems

Focus Areas & Objectives

Algebraic Reasoning

  • Describes, analyzes and extends patterns by constructing and using tables, graphs and charts
  • Describes mathematical relationships and situations involving computation of whole numbers (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) using words, symbols, open number sentences and equations

Numerical & Proportional Reasoning

  • Locates, labels, compares and orders whole numbers up to 10,000 using place value models, number lines and number patterns
  • Represents fractions with unlike denominators of 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6
  • Recalls the multiplication and division facts for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10
  • Solves problems involving the multiplication and division of 2 and 3 digit numbers by one digit (2, 3, 4, 5 or 10)
  • Determines, compares and writes money amounts up to $100.00

Geometry & Measurement

  • Determines congruence of polygons and solids
  • Tessellates shapes
  • Uses calendars and clocks to sequence events and time

Working with Data

  • Collects and organizes data in diagrams, charts, tables, lists, pictographs, bar graphs and line plots to answer questions
  • Tests predictions and determines probability in practical situations

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that through knowledge of science concepts and the use of observation, questioning and analysis, they will achieve an understanding and appreciation of the world and their role as innovators and stewards of the Earth.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of vocabulary and concepts
  • Observes, predicts and draws reasonable conclusions
  • Communicates scientific data in a variety of ways                        

Focus Areas & Objectives

Properties of Matter

Describes the effect of heating on the melting, evaporation, condensation and freezing of water


Describes how different plants and animals are adapted to obtain air, water, food and protection in specific land or water habitats

The Changing Earth

Describes the physical properties of rocks and relates them to their potential uses and their formation

Science & Technology in Society

Describes how earth materials can be conserved by reducing the quantities used, and by reusing and recycling materials rather than discarding them

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that by understanding others and the world around them, they will be prepared to enjoy the rights and assume the responsibilities as citizens of a global society.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of vocabulary and concepts
  • Understands and applies research skills
  • Communicates information in a variety of ways 

Focus Areas & Objectives

Content Knowledge

  • Explains the significance of events surrounding historical figures
  • Recognizes the significance of historical documents
  • Identifies and examines connections between events in local and regional history
  • Identifies and locates the Earth’s physical features on maps and globes
  • Evaluates the effects of changes humans have made and how they affect the environment
  • Analyzes the geographic features that promoted settlement in the community
  • Explains how the structure of local government provides basic services
  • Recognize that one purpose of taxes is to finance services
  • Identifies the rights and responsibilities of citizens
  • Explains how resources are used to produce goods and services
  • Identifies the characteristics that define an ethnic group

History/Social Studies Literacy Skills

  • Gathers information through use of print and electronic media
  • Interprets and displays information using maps and graphs
  • Presents information and answers questions about social studies topics


  • Uses evidence to examine different points of view of an event
  • Identifies a current issue or event and participates in helping to address the issue

Enduring Understanding

Students will demonstrate an understanding of and appreciation for the importance of art as a means for enjoyment and self expression.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of basic art concepts and techniques
  • Uses art media and tools in a safe, responsible manner

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Differentiates between a variety of media, techniques and processes
  • Uses different media, techniques and processes to communicate ideas, feelings, experiences and stories

Elements & Principles

  • Identifies the different ways that visual characteristics are used to convey ideas
  • Uses the elements of art and principles of design to communicate ideas


  • Discusses a variety of sources for art content
  • Selects and uses subject matter, symbols and ideas to communicate meaning

History & Culture

  • Recognizes that the visual arts have a history and a variety of cultural purposes and meanings


  • Demonstrates an understanding of how the visual arts are used in the world Recognizes that works of visual art are produced by artists and artisans working in different cultures, times and places


  • Identifies various purposes for creating works of art

Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that music is an avenue for social interaction, self-expression and enjoyment.


  • Creates music appropriate for grade level
  • Performs music appropriate for grade level
  • Responds to music appropriate for grade level
  • Notates music appropriate for grade level

Focus Areas & Objectives

Vocal & Instrumental

  • Sings independently, on pitch and in rhythm, with appropriate timbre, diction and posture and maintains a steady tempo
  • Sings expressively, with appropriate dynamics, phrasing and interpretation
  • Sings in groups, blending vocal timbres, matching dynamic levels and responds to the cues of a conductor

Improvisation & Composition

  • Improvises “answers” in the same style to given rhythmic and melodic phrases
  • Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces, using a variety of sound sources

Reading & Notation

  • Reads whole, half, dotted half, quarter, eighth notes and rests in 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 meter signatures
  • Identifies symbols and traditional terms referring to dynamics, tempo and articulation

Responding to Music

  • Demonstrates perceptual skills by moving in response to, answering questions about and by describing aural examples of music of various styles and from different cultures
  • Devises criteria for evaluating performances and compositions

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an appreciation of technological resources and the printed word as sources of information.


  • Employs strategies to locate and evaluate information

Focus Area & Objectives


  • Defines information needs
  • Identifies a course of action to conduct research and solve problems
  • Locates and evaluates information from a variety of sources

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize the importance of physical activity in providing opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Applies movement correctly
  • Negotiates space with objects and others
  • Demonstrates appropriate fitness levels

Focus Areas & Objectives

Physical Activity

  • Demonstrates simple applications combining locomotor, nonlocomotor and selective manipulative skills to participate in play and fitness activities
  • Acquires basic skills for participation in activities and games

Human Movement

  • Recognizes and applies concepts of body space and movement concepts in developing movement sequences and game strategies


  • Participates in fitness related activities
  • Meets or shows improvement in the health-related fitness standards as defined by the Connecticut Health-Related Fitness Assessment

Responsible Behavior & Respect for Differences

  • Follows classroom rules, activity-specific rules, safety practices, procedures, etiquette and good sportsmanship in the physical activity setting
  • Works cooperatively and productively with partners or in small groups
  • Recognizes the contributions that individual differences add to group activities

Benefits of Physical Activity

  • Understands that practicing activities increases skill competence

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an awareness of healthy choices and positive impact of these choices on their health and well-being.


  • Demonstrates a knowledge of the factors that constitute positive choices in health, nutrition, disease prevention and decision making

Focus Areas & Objectives

Health & Nutrition

  • Discusses what makes foods nutritious based on U.S. dietary guidelines
  • Engages in daily physical activity

Injury & Disease Prevention

  • Knows and demonstrates ways to stay safe
  • Identifies resources in the home, school and community to get help if needed
  • Identifies ways to stay well

Human Growth & Development

  • Demonstrates ways of communicating care, concern and consideration for oneself and others in a respectful manner
  • Identifies how one can maintain good health

Healthy Choices

  • Articulates the dangers of negative behaviors and strategies to avoid poor choices
  • Discusses and promotes healthy lifestyle choices