Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that literacy is a gateway to knowledge of self, others, the world and opportunity.


  • Uses strategies to understand vocabulary
  • Applies strategies to comprehend text
  • Reads with fluency
  • Reads and responds with understanding through discussion and in writing
  • Makes appropriate book choices for independent reading

Focus Areas & Objectives 

Building Good Habits

Uses word solving skills, expression, phrasing and attention to punctuation to read fluently and maximize comprehension

Character Study

Gathers text clues to identify and analyze character traits

Author Study

Examines how the evidence in the text can be used to infer the author’s values and beliefs

Non-Fiction Study

Determines importance in order to summarize text

Refining Comprehension Strategies

Integrates comprehension strategies to answer questions and respond to text

Biography Study

Uses text evidence to infer and draw conclusions

Big Ideas in Text

Notices recurring themes found in text about relationships to develop a deeper understanding

Making Plans for a Reading Life

Reflects on skills and strategies learned and sets goals for independent reading

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that writing is a vehicle for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Generates and organizes ideas
  • Uses support and elaboration
  • Writes with fluency
  • Revises work to accurately convey thoughts and ideas
  • Edits written work using appropriate capitalization, punctuation, spelling and grammar

Focus Areas & Objectives

Writers Build Good Habits

Uses the writer’s notebook to develop ideas and practice writing skills

Personal Narratives

Selects and uses specific craft strategies that clearly convey the writer’s intention

Fictional Narrative

Develops character, setting and events to craft an entertaining short story


Identifies and uses revision strategies to strengthen and improve writing

Polishing Narrative Text

Applies and integrates craft strategies to fashion a fluent and focused story


Studies and uses imagery to write a collection of poems that are consistent with a theme or message


Understands and applies the structure and elaboration techniques to craft essays

Independent Writing Projects

Chooses a topic and genre of interest and applies strategies and skills to generate a detailed piece

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that an understanding of mathematical principles and processes will enable them to analyze and solve problems systematically and efficiently.


  • Uses mental and written strategies to compute with accuracy and efficiency
  • Communicates mathematical thinking through written and oral language
  • Displays, analyzes, compares and interprets information to solve problems 

Focus Areas & Objectives 

Algebraic Reasoning

  • Represents possible values by using symbols, e.g., variables, to represent quantities in expressions and number sentences
  • Solves problems and demonstrating an understanding of equivalence in mathematical situations that reflect the commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication of whole numbers and the distributive property

Numerical & Proportional Reasoning

  • Locates, labels, compares and orders numbers up to 100,000
  • Solves practical problems involving simple ratios and proportions
  • Adds and subtracts three- and four-digit numbers and money amounts up to $1,000.00
  • Recalls the multiplication and division facts 1 through 10
  • Writes contextual problems involving the addition and subtraction of fractions with like denominators, decimals (tenths) and mixed numbers; solve the problems and justifying the solutions

Geometry & Measurement

  • Compares and classifies polygons based on relationships such as parallel or perpendicular lines, symmetry and congruence
  • Draws and interprets simple maps with ordered pairs of numbers and/or letters in quadrant one of an x, y coordinate system and find possible paths between two points
  • Analyzes geometric reflections (flips), rotations (turns), and translations (slides) of plane figures and describe the relationship to the original figure
  • Writes and solves problems involving the conversion of simple measures of time
  • Uses customary and metric tools and units and non-standard units to estimate, measure and solve problems involving length and perimeter, area, capacity, weight, temperature and volume

Working with Data

  • Collects, organizes and represents the data that answers questions using simple circle graphs and broken line graphs
  • Determines and discusses the range, median, mode and mean of the data set as typical or average based on those determinations

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that through knowledge of science concepts and the use of observation, questioning and analysis, they will achieve an understanding and appreciation of the world and their role as innovators and stewards of the Earth.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of vocabulary and concepts
  • Observes, predicts and draws reasonable conclusions
  • Communicates scientific data in a variety of ways                    

Focus Areas & Objectives

Forces & Motion

  • Understands the six simple machines and how they reduce the effort needed to move an object
  • Describes the effects of the strengths of pushes and pulls on the motion of objects
  • Describes the effect of the mass of an object on its motion

Matter & Energy in Ecosystems

  • Describes how animals, directly or indirectly, depend on the plants to provide the food and energy they need in order to grow and survive
  • Describes how natural phenomena and some human activities may cause changes to habitats and their inhabitants

Energy in the Earth’s Systems

  • Describes how the sun’s energy impacts the water cycle
  • Describes the role of water in erosion and river formation

Energy Transfer & Transformations

  • Describes how batteries and wires can transfer energy to light a light bulb
  • Explains how simple electrical circuits can be used to determine which materials conduct electricity
  • Describes the properties of magnets and how they can be used to identify and separate mixtures of solid materials

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that by understanding others and the world around them, they will be prepared to enjoy the rights and assume the responsibilities as citizens of a global society.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of vocabulary and concepts
  • Understands and applies research skills
  • Communicates information in a variety of ways

Focus Areas & Objectives

Content Knowledge

  • Explains the relationship between the environment and the Native American’s way of life in Connecticut
  • Compares and contrasts the impact of colonization on both Native American Peoples and the colonists in Connecticut
  • Identifies and analyzes the impact of individuals, groups and events on Connecticut history
  • Uses maps to locate manmade and physical characteristics of Connecticut
  • Explains the process for making laws in the state of Connecticut
  • Describes how physical systems (weather and climate) have affected  people’s lives in Connecticut
  • Understands the impact of location and resources on the history and economy of states and regions throughout our nation

History/Social Studies Literacy Skills

  • Locates and gathers information from secondary sources
  • Interprets information from maps and graphs
  • Presents information and answers questions about social studies topics


  • Evaluates the evidence related to different points of view of an event
  • Predicts various points of view that groups or individuals may voice regarding a current issue or event
  • Identifies a current issue or event and participates in helping to address the issue

Enduring Understanding

Students will demonstrate an understanding of and appreciation for the importance of art as a means for enjoyment and self expression.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of basic art vocabulary and concepts
  • Effectively uses art media techniques

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Differentiates between a variety of media, techniques and processes
  • Uses different media, techniques and processes to communicate ideas, feelings, experiences and stories

Elements & Principles

  • Identifies the different ways that visual characteristics are used to convey ideas
  • Uses the elements of art and principles of design to communicate their ideas


  • Discusses a variety of sources for art content
  • Selects and uses subject matter, symbols and ideas to communicate meaning

History & Culture

  • Recognizes that the visual arts have a history and a variety of cultural purposes and meanings


  • Demonstrates an understanding of how the visual arts are used in the world Recognizes that works of visual art are produced by artists and artisans working in different cultures, times and places


  • Identifies various purposes for creating works of art

Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that music is an avenue for social interaction, self-expression and enjoyment.


  • Creates music appropriate for grade level
  • Performs music appropriate for grade level
  • Responds to music appropriate for grade level
  • Notates music appropriate for grade level

Focus Areas & Objectives

Vocal & Instrumental

  • Sings independently, on pitch and in rhythm, with appropriate timbre, diction and posture and maintains a steady tempo
  • Sings expressively, with appropriate dynamics, phrasing and interpretation
  • Sings in groups, blending vocal timbres, matching dynamic levels and responds to the cues of a conductor

Improvisation & Composition

  • Improvises “answers” in the same style to given rhythmic and melodic phrases
  • Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces, using a variety of sound sources

Reading & Notation

  • Reads whole, half, dotted half, quarter, eighth notes and rests in 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 meter signatures
  • Identifies symbols and traditional terms referring to dynamics, tempo and articulation

Responding to Music

  • Demonstrates perceptual skills by moving in response to, answering questions about and by describing aural examples of music of various styles and from different cultures
  • Devises criteria for evaluating performances and compositions

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an appreciation of technological resources and the printed word as sources of information.


  • Employs strategies to locate and evaluate information
  • Uses electronic resources to produce, store, retrieve and share a variety of documents
  • Demonstrates the ability to communicate with others via electronic media

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Defines information needs
  • Identifies a course of action to conduct research and solve problems
  • Locates and evaluates information from a variety of sources

Technology Tools

  • Locates, produces, stores, retrieves and shares a variety of documents
  • Communicates with others via electronic resources
  • Performs basic troubleshooting procedures when technical problems arise

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize the importance of physical activity in providing opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Demonstrates motor skills for sports and activities
  • Demonstrates appropriate fitness levels

Focus Areas & Objectives

Physical Activity

  • Demonstrates simple applications combining locomotor, nonlocomotor and selective manipulative skills to participate in play and fitness activities
  • Acquires basic skills for participation in activities and games

Human Movement

  • Recognizes and applies concepts of body space and movement concepts in developing movement sequences and game strategies


  • Participates in fitness related activities
  • Meets or shows improvement in the health-related fitness standards as defined by the Connecticut Health-Related Fitness Assessment

Responsible Behavior & Respect for Differences

  • Follows classroom rules, activity-specific rules, safety practices, procedures, etiquette and good sportsmanship in the physical activity setting
  • Works cooperatively and productively with partners or in small groups
  • Recognizes the contributions that individual differences add to group activities

Benefits of Physical Activity

  • Understands that practicing activities increases skill competence

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an awareness of healthy choices and the positive impact of these choices on their health and well-being.


  • Demonstrates a knowledge of the factors that constitute positive choices in health, nutrition, disease prevention and decision making

Focus Areas & Objectives

Health & Nutrition

  • Discusses what makes foods nutritious based on U.S. dietary guidelines
  • Engages in daily physical activity

Injury & Disease Prevention

  • Knows and demonstrates ways to stay safe
  • Identifies resources in the home, school and community to get help if needed
  • Identifies ways to stay well

Human Growth & Development

  • Demonstrates ways of communicating care, concern and consideration for oneself and others in a respectful manner
  • Identifies how one can maintain good health

Healthy Choices

  • Articulates the dangers of negative behaviors and strategies to avoid poor choices
  • Discusses and promotes healthy lifestyle choices