Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that literacy is a gateway to knowledge of self, others, the world and opportunity.


  • Uses strategies to understand vocabulary
  • Applies strategies to comprehend text
  • Reads with fluency
  • Reads and responds with understanding through discussion and in writing
  • Makes appropriate book choices for independent reading

Focus Areas & Objective

Building Good Habits

  • Questions, predicts and makes connections to maintain interest and focus
  • Uses implicit and explicit sensory details to envision characters and events

Character Study

  • Analyzes how characters react to conflict in the text and compares/contrasts behaviors to personal experience

Author Study

  • Examines how the use of literary devices contribute to the author’s style

Non-Fiction Study

  • Determines importance in order to identify the main idea and summarize text

Refining Comprehension Strategies

  • Integrates comprehension strategies to answer questions and respond to text

Historical Fiction Study

  • Uses time place and context to make connections and draw conclusions

Big Ideas About Survival

  • Notices recurring themes found in text with survival themes to develop new interpretations

Making Plans for a Reading Life

  • Reflects on skills and strategies learned and sets goals for independent reading

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that writing is a vehicle for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Generates and organizes ideas
  • Uses support and elaboration
  • Writes with fluency
  • Revises work to accurately convey thoughts and ideas
  • Edits written work using appropriate capitalization, punctuation, spelling and grammar

Focus Areas & Objectives

Writers Build Good Habits

Uses the writer’s notebook to enhance the personal narrative


Selects and uses content and specific details to clearly convey themes, messages and experiences

Personal Essay

Uses voice and considers the audience to develop and convey opinions


Identifies and uses revision strategies to strengthen and improve writing

Polishing Expository Text

Applies and integrates craft strategies to fashion a fluent and focused essay


Studies and uses craft techniques unique to the genre to write a collection of poems that are consistent with a theme or message

Feature Articles

Uses descriptive language and the features of the genre to weave facts together to inform

Independent Writing Projects

Chooses a topic and genre of interest and applies strategies and skills to generate a compelling work

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that an understanding of mathematical principles and processes will enable them to analyze and solve problems systematically and efficiently.


  • Uses mental and written strategies to compute with accuracy and efficiency
  • Communicates mathematical thinking through written and oral language
  • Displays, analyzes, compares and interprets information to solve problems

Focus Areas & Objectives

Algebraic Reasoning

  • Represents and describes mathematical relationships using variables or symbols in expressions, equations and inequalities
  • Replaces variables or symbols in algebraic expressions with given values and evaluates or simplifies the expression, e.g., If □ = 5, find the value of 4 x □ +7

Numerical & Proportional Reasoning

  • Represents whole numbers up to 1,000,000 in expanded and regrouped forms and uses the forms to support computation
  • Constructs and uses models, number patterns and pictorial representations to extend place value concepts and patterns to decimals
  • Classifies numbers as prime, composite or perfect squares and identifies factor pairs using rectangular arrays
  • Adds and subtracts fractions, decimals and mixed numbers using a variety of strategies 

Geometry & Measurement

  • Represents the surface of three-dimensional solids using two-dimensional nets
  • Uses the attributes of parallel sides, perpendicular sides, congruent sides/angles, number and length of sides or faces and number and kinds of angles to describe, classify and sort polygons and solids
  • Uses an x, y coordinate system to plot points, to estimate the distance between points and to determine the horizontal or vertical distance between two points
  • Uses cubic inch or cubic centimeter models to find the volume of rectangular solids
  • Solves length problems involving conversion of measure within the customary or metric systems (millimeters, centimeters, meters and kilometers)

Working with Data

  • Compares different representations of the same data set and evaluates how well each kind of display represents the features of the data
  • Determines the mean, and median of a data set and explains in writing, how they are affected by a change in the data set

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that through knowledge of science concepts and the use of observation, questioning and analysis, they will achieve an understanding and appreciation of the world and their roles as innovators and stewards of the Earth.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of vocabulary and concepts
  • Observes, predicts and draws reasonable conclusions
  • Communicates scientific data in a variety of ways                             

Focus Areas & Objectives

Energy Transfer & Transformations

  • Describes how light is absorbed and/or reflected by different surfaces
  • Explains how sound is produced and absorbed

Structure & Function

  • Describes how light absorption and reflection allow one to see the shapes and colors of objects
  • Describes the structure and function of the human senses and the signals they perceive

The Earth in the Solar System

  • Explains the causes of day and night based on the rotation of Earth on its axis
  • Describes the monthly changes in the appearance of the moon, based on the moon’s orbit around the Earth

Science & Technology in Society

  • Compares and contrasts the structures of the human eye with those of the camera
  • Describes the uses of different instruments, such as eye glasses, magnifiers, periscopes and telescopes, to enhance our vision

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that by understanding others and the world around them, they will be prepared to enjoy the rights and assume responsibilities as citizens of a global society


  • Demonstrates an understanding of vocabulary and concepts
  • Understands and applies research skills
  • Communicates information in a variety of ways

Focus Areas & Objectives

Content Knowledge

  • Explains how the ideas and beliefs of individuals influenced United States history
  • Explains the connections between local, state and national events
  • Compares and contrasts the factors leading to colonial settlement
  • Describes how factors led to the migration of early colonists and the ways in which they adapted to their new environment
  • Realizes how local, state and national governments share power in the United States
  • Is aware of the rights and responsibilities of citizens
  • Illustrates the impact of trade on linking different parts of the world
  • Examines the different ethnic/cultural contributions of groups to the settlement and growth of the United States

History/Social Studies Literacy Skills

  • Locates and gathers information from primary and secondary sources
  • Interprets information from maps
  • Creates maps and timelines
  • Gives oral presentations on Social Studies topics


  • Identifies and explains causes and effects of historical events
  • Participates in discussion about a and understands differing views

Enduring Understanding

Students will demonstrate an understanding of and appreciation for the importance of art as a means for enjoyment and self-expression.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of basic art vocabulary and concepts
  • Effectively uses art media and techniques

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Selects media, techniques and processes to communicate ideas, reflect on their choices and analyze what makes them effective
  • Uses different media, techniques and processes (two-dimensional and three-dimensional, including media/technology) to communicate ideas, feelings, experiences and stories

Elements & Principles

  • Selects and uses the elements of art and principles of design to improve communication of their ideas


  • Considers and compares the sources for subject matter, symbols and ideas in their own and others’ work

History & Culture

  • Knows and compares the characteristics, purposes and significance of works of art representing various cultures, historical periods and artists


  • Applies visual arts skills to daily life


  • Compares and contrasts the purposes for creating art

Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that music is an avenue for social interaction, self-expression and enjoyment.


  • Creates music appropriate for grade level
  • Performs music appropriate for grade level
  • Responds to music appropriate for grade level
  • Notates music appropriate for grade level

Focus Areas & Objectives

Vocal & Instrumental

  • Sings accurately and with good breath control throughout singing ranges, alone and in small and large ensembles
  • Performs music representing diverse genres and cultures, with expression appropriate for the work being performed

Improvisation & Composition

  • Improvises simple harmonic accompaniments
  • Composes short pieces within specified guidelines, demonstrating how the elements of music are used

Reading & Notation

  • Reads whole, half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth, and dotted notes and rests in 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, 6/8, 3/8, and alla breve meter signatures
  • Identifies and defines standard notation symbols for pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tempo, articulation and expression and interprets them correctly

Responding to Music

  • Describes specific music events in a given aural example using appropriate terminology
  • Classifies by genre and style, high quality musical works and explains the characteristics that causes each to be considered exemplary

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an appreciation of technological resources and the printed word as sources of information.


  • Employs strategies to locate and evaluate information
  • Uses electronic resources to produce, store, retrieve and share a variety of documents
  • Demonstrates the ability to communicate with others via electronic media
  • Demonstrates an understanding of ethical and safety issues

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Defines information needs
  • Identifies a course of action to conduct research and solve problems
  • Locates and evaluates information from a variety of sources
  • Social, Ethical and Human Issues
  • Understands ethical and safety issues involving the use of technology

Technology Tools

  • Locates, produces, stores, retrieves and shares a variety of documents
  • Communicates with others via electronic resources
  • Performs basic troubleshooting procedures when technical problems arise

Enduring Understanding

Through the study of world language and culture, students will appreciate the richness inherent in a diverse world and will develop a greater awareness of their native language and culture.


  • Understands and responds to simple questions and commands in the target language
  • Recognizes and produces theme vocabulary in the target language

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Effectively uses repetition, rephrasing and gestures to assist with communication in the target language


  • Observes, identifies and discusses patterns of behavior or interaction that are typical of their peer group in the target culture


  • Uses new information and perspectives gained through world language study to expand their personal knowledge


  • Understands how idiomatic expressions affect communication and reflect culture
  • Explores cultural traditions and celebrations that exist in both the target and home cultures


  • Discusses families, activities and events in the target language in written or oral form

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize the importance of physical activity in providing opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Demonstrates motor skills for sports and activities
  • Demonstrates appropriate fitness levels

Focus Areas & Objectives

Physical Activity

  • Demonstrates increasing competence in more advanced specialized skills
  • Adapts and combines skills for increasingly complex situations
  • Participates in modified versions of a variety of movement forms

Human Movement

  • Identifies and applies principles of practice and conditioning which enhance movement performance


  • Assess physiological indicators of exercise during and after physical activity
  • Develops personal goals and strategies for the improvement of selected fitness components necessary for a healthy lifestyle
  • Meets and /or shows improvement in all components of the health-related fitness standards as defined by the Connecticut Health-Related Fitness Assessment

Responsible Behavior & Respect for Differences

  • Recognizes the role of sport and games in modern culture
  • Demonstrates behaviors that are supportive and inclusive when meeting the individual needs of peers in physical activity settings

Benefits of Physical Activity

  • Recognizes that meeting challenges in physical activities leads to self-actualization and opportunity for social interaction

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an awareness of healthy choices and the positive impact of these choices on their health and well-being.


  • Demonstrates a knowledge of the factors that constitute positive choices in health, nutrition, disease prevention and decision making

Focus Areas & Objectives

Health & Nutrition

  • Discusses the elements that compromise a nutritious daily diet
  • Develops a plan for appropriate daily physical activity
  • Injury & Disease Prevention
  • Discusses behaviors that minimize personal risks and injuries
  • Identifies the causes, symptoms and prevention methods of communicable and non-communicable diseases

Human Growth & Development

  • Demonstrates ways of communicating care, concern and consideration for oneself and others in a respectful manner
  • Identifies and explains how the media may influence behaviors and decisions

Healthy Choices

  • Identifies strategies and skills to remain free of alcohol, tobacco, drugs and other potentially negative behaviors
  • Examines the influence of peers, culture and media