Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that literacy is a gateway to knowledge of self, others, the world and opportunity.


  • Demonstrates comprehension and extends thinking through discussion
  • Demonstrates comprehension and extends thinking through written responses

Focus Areas & Objectives

Building Good Habits

Integrates strategies to think deeply about text

Character Study

Evaluates story elements that make a character believable and compelling

Author Study

Critiques an author’s use of literary devices, style, perspective, values and biases and their impact on the text

Non-Fiction Study

Uses strategies to understand challenging text and synthesize new meaning

Refining Comprehension Strategies

Integrates comprehension strategies to answer questions and respond to text

Memoir Study

Understands the author’s experience, bias and perspective the effect that these have on what is conveyed in text

Book Clubs Discuss Social Issues

Notices recurring themes and issues found in text to respond, evaluate, infer and draw conclusions    

Making Plans for a Reading Life

Reflects on the skills and strategies that have supported comprehension and sets goals for independent reading

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that writing is a vehicle for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Writes and speaks with organization and fluency
  • Uses support and elaboration
  • Revises work to accurately convey thoughts and ideas
  • Edits written work using appropriate capitalization, punctuation, spelling and grammar

Focus Areas & Objectives

Writers Build Good Habits

Uses the writer’s notebook to find significance in topic and genre

Descriptive Essays

Notes and applies techniques to fashion detailed and cogent essays


Develops an understanding of audience and voice to craft a focused and supported editorial

Book Reviews

Uses compelling details to inform and persuade

Polishing the Persuasive Essay

Integrates craft strategies and skills to fashion a fluent and focused work


Uses voice and a synthesis of techniques to craft a detailed memoir

Independent Writing Projects

Chooses a topic and genre of interested and applies strategies and skills to generate a compelling work

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that an understanding of mathematical principles and processes will enable them to analyze and solve problems systematically and efficiently.


  • Uses mental and written strategies to compute with accuracy and efficiency
  • Communicates mathematical thinking through written and oral language
  • Displays, analyzes, compares and interprets information to solve problems

Focus Areas & Objectives


Algebraic Reasoning

  • Analyzes physical phenomena, functions and patterns to identify relationships and make generalizations
  • Describes the effects of characteristics of linear relationships and the way the relationships are represented verbally and in tables, graphs and equations
  • Solves problems using various algebraic methods and properties

Numerical & Proportional Reasoning

  • Compares and orders integers, powers and roots using number lines and grids
  • Extends the understanding of scientific notation to very small numbers
  • Solves problems involving fractions, decimals, ratios and percents
  • Makes generalizations about operations with very large and very small numbers
  • Connects the exponential growth and decay models to repeated multiplication by the same factor

Geometry & Measurement

  • Explores the relationships among sides, angles, perimeters, areas, surface areas and volumes of congruent and similar polygons and solids
  • Models geometric relationships in a variety of ways
  • Uses a variety of concrete methods, including displacement, to find volumes of solids
  • Solves problems involving measurement through the use of appropriate tools, techniques and strategies

Working with Data

  • Constructs appropriate representations of data based on the size and kind of data set and purpose for their use
  • Makes and evaluates statistical claims and justifies conclusions with evidence
  • Determines possible outcomes using a variety of counting techniques

Focus Areas & Objectives


Algebraic Reasoning

  • Describes relationships and makes generalizations about patterns and functions
  • Represents and analyzes linear functions and relations symbolically and with tables and graphs
  • Manipulates equations, inequalities and functions to solve problems

Numerical & Proportional Reasoning

  • Extends the understanding of number to include integers, rational numbers and real numbers
  • Interprets and represents large sets of numbers with the aid of technologies
  • Develops strategies for computation and estimation using properties of number systems to solve problems
  • Solves proportional reasoning problems

Geometry & Measurement

  • Envestigates relationships among plane and solid geometric figures using geometric models, constructions and tools
  • Develops and evaluates mathematical arguments using reasoning and proof
  • Verifies geometric relationships using algebra, coordinate geometry and transformations
  • Solves a variety of problems involving 1-, 2- and 3-dimensional measurements using geometric relationships and trigonometric ratios

Working with Data

  • Creates the appropriate visual or graphical representation of real data
  • Analyzes real-world problems using statistical techniques
  • Understands and applies the principles of probability in a variety of situations

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that by understanding others and the world around them, they will be prepared to enjoy the rights and assume the responsibilities as citizens of a global society.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of concepts and vocabulary
  • Uses research skills to collect and interpret information
  • Communicates information in a variety of ways

Focus Areas & Objectives

Content Knowledge

  • Analyzes the connections among local, state and national historical events
  • Examines how geography influenced the economic and political development of the United States
  • Weighs the impact of America’s Industrial Revolution, industrialization and urbanization on the environment.
  • Analyzes and draws conclusions on immigration’s impact on the United States at different stages in history
  • Differentiates the functions of the three branches of government
  • Evaluates the impact of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights on the lives of U.S. citizens
  • Analyzes the contributions and challenges of different cultural/ethnic groups in the United States

History/Social Studies Literacy Skills

  • Gathers and analyzes information from maps and charts to support conclusions about historical events
  • Assesses primary and secondary sources, including internet sources, to determine accuracy, validity and to support conclusions
  • Participates in formal debates on issues related to Social Studies


  • Compares, contrasts and critiques interpretations of a historical event
  • Analyzes point of view on historical and contemporary issues
  • Develops a plan of action to provide a solution to a local, state or national issues and participates in helping to address the issue

Enduring Understanding

Through the study of world language and culture, students will appreciate the richness inherent in a diverse world and will develop a greater awareness of their native language and culture.


  • Understands and responds to simple questions and commands n the target language
  • Recognizes and produces theme vocabulary in the target language

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Exchanges information with peers (both face-to-face and in writing) about events in their everyday lives and memorable experiences
  • Sustains listening comprehension when confronted with less familiar topics by relying on verbal and nonverbal cues and listening for rephrasing and circumlocution


  • Observes, identifies and discusses patterns of behavior or interaction that are typical of their peer group in the target culture


  • Uses new information and perspectives gained though world language study to expand their personal knowledge


  • Uses multimedia sources to expand their understanding of the target culture(s) and integrate it with their existing knowledge base
  • Develops the necessary skills to use the Internet/World Wide Web in order to gain greater access to the target culture(s)
  • Understands how idiomatic expressions affect communication and reflect culture


  • Discusses their families, school experiences, free-time activities and current events in the target language in written or oral form

Enduring Understanding

Students will demonstrate an understanding of and appreciation for the importance of art as a means for enjoyment and self expression.


  • Understands and applies the elements and principles of design
  • Accepts constructive criticism and challenges self to develop new artistic skills

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Selects media, techniques and processes to communicate ideas, reflect on their choices and analyze what makes them effective
  • Uses different media, techniques and processes (two-dimensional and three-dimensional, including media/technology) to communicate ideas, feelings, experiences and stories

Elements & Principles

  • Selects and uses the elements of art and principles of design to improve communication of their ideas


  • Considers and compares the sources for subject matter, symbols and ideas in their own and others’ work

History & Culture

  • Knows and compares the characteristics, purposes and significance of works of art representing various cultures, historical periods and artists


  • Compares the characteristics of works in the visual arts and other art forms that share similar subject matter, themes, purposes, historical periods or cultural context


  • Describes and analyzes visual characteristics of works of art using visual art terminology

Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that music is an avenue for social interaction, self-expression and enjoyment.


  • Creates music appropriate for grade level
  • Performs music appropriate for grade level
  • Responds to music appropriate for grade level
  • Notates music appropriate for grade level

Focus Areas & Objectives

Vocal & Instrumental

  • Sings a repertoire of vocal literature with good breath control, expression and technical accuracy
  • Performs on at least one instrument accurately and independently, alone and in small and large ensembles
  • Performs music representing diverse genres and cultures, with expression appropriate for the work being performed

Improvisation & Composition

  • Improvises melodic embellishments and simple rhythmic and melodic variations on given pentatonic melodies and melodies in major keys
  • Uses a variety of traditional and nontraditional sound sources and electronic media when composing and arranging

Reading & Notation

  • Reads whole, half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth, and dotted notes and rests in 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, 6/8, 3/8, and alla breve meter signatures
  • Identifies and defines standard notation symbols for pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tempo, articulation and expression and interpret them correctly
  • Uses standard notation to record their musical ideas and those of others

Responding to Music

  • Develops criteria for evaluating the quality and effectiveness of music performances and compositions
  • Classifies by genre and style (and, if applicable, by historical period, composer, and title) a varied body of exemplary musical works and explains the characteristics that cause each work to be considered exemplary

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an appreciation of technological resources and the printed word as sources of information.


  • Employs strategies to locate and evaluate information
  • Uses electronic resources to produce, store, retrieve and share a variety of documents
  • Demonstrates the ability to communicate with others via electronic media
  • Demonstrates an understanding of ethical and safety issues

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Defines information needs
  • Identifies a course of action to conduct research and solve problems
  • Locates and evaluates information from a variety of sources
  • Social, Ethical and Human Issues
  • Understands ethical and safety issues involving the use of technology

Technology Tools

  • Locates, produces, stores, retrieves and shares a variety of documents
  • Communicates with others via electronic resources
  • Performs basic troubleshooting procedures when technical problems arise

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize the importance of physical activity in providing opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Demonstrates motor skills for sports and activities
  • Demonstrates appropriate fitness levels

Focus Areas & Objectives

Physical Activity

  • Demonstrates increasing competence in more advanced specialized skills
  • Adapts and combines skills for increasingly complex situations
  • Participates in modified versions of a variety of movement forms

Human Movement

  • Identifies and applies principles of practice and conditioning which enhance movement performance


  • Assess physiological indicators of exercise during and after physical activity
  • Develops personal goals and strategies for the improvement of selected fitness components necessary for a healthy lifestyle
  • Meets and /or shows improvement in all components of the health-related fitness standards as defined by the Connecticut Health-Related Fitness Assessment

Responsible Behavior & Respect for Differences

  • Identifies the purpose for and participate in establishing and modifying rules, procedures and etiquette that reflect good sportsmanship and are safe andeffective for specific activity situations
  • Demonstrates behaviors that are supportive and inclusive when meeting the individual needs of peers in physical activity settings

Benefits of Physical Activity

  • Recognizes that meeting challenges in physical activities leads to self-actualization and opportunity for social interaction

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an awareness of healthy choices and the positive impact of these choices on their health and well-being.


  • Demonstrates a knowledge of the factors that constitute positive choices in health, nutrition, disease prevention and decision making

Focus Areas & Objectives

Health & Nutrition

  • Discusses the elements that compromise a nutritious daily diet
  • Develops a plan for appropriate daily physical activity

Injury & Disease Prevention

  • Demonstrates basic first aid
  • Understands and explains how the heart and circulatory system function
  • Identifies the major and contributing risk factors for cardiovascular disease
  • Identifies the causes, symptoms and prevention methods of communicable and non-communicable diseases

Human Growth & Development

  • Demonstrates ways of communicating care, concern and consideration for oneself and others in a respectful manner
  • Identifies and explains how the media may influence behaviors and decisions

Healthy Choices

  • Identifies strategies and skills to remain free of alcohol, tobacco, drugs and other potentially negative behaviors
  • Examines the influence of peers, culture and media