Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that literacy is a gateway to knowledge of self, others, the world and opportunity.


  • Demonstrates comprehension and extends thinking through discussion
  • Demonstrates comprehension and extends thinking through written responses

Focus Areas & Objectives

Building Good Habits

  • Analyze the use of reading strategies and explain how they impact understanding
  • Identifies the major events that define the plot

Character Study

  • Analyzes the perspectives of characters and how these affect their actions

Author Study

  • Critiques and author’s perspective of the characters and how this affects the characters’ actions

Non-Fiction Study

  • Uses strategies to respond to short text

Refining Comprehension Strategies

  • Integrates comprehension strategies to answer questions and respond to text

Modern Fantasy Study

  • Uncovers the elements of the genre and makes connections between the themes depicted and real life

Book Clubs Discuss Social Issues

  • Notices recurring themes and issues found in text to respond, evaluate, infer and draw conclusions about human nature  

Making Plans for a Reading Life

  • Reflects on the skills and strategies that have supported comprehension and sets goals for independent reading

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that writing is a vehicle for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Writes and speaks with organization and fluency
  • Uses support and elaboration
  • Revises work to accurately convey thoughts and ideas
  • Edits written work using appropriate capitalization, punctuation, spelling and grammar

Focus Areas & Objectives

Writers Build Good Habits

Uses the writer’s notebook to practice craft techniques to stay in the moment

Feature Articles

Uses the characteristics of the genre to share information in compelling ways

Persuasive Letters

Studies and uses craft techniques unique to the genre to write a focused, detailed and persuasive letter


Uses clear, detailed descriptions to present opinions and ideas

Polishing the Persuasive Essay

Integrates craft strategies and skills to fashion a fluent and focused work


Uses mentor texts to craft a detailed short story


Students will uncover the significant themes of memoir writing and skillfully use craft strategies to share these with readers

Independent Writing Projects

Chooses a topic and genre of interested and applies strategies and skills to generate a compelling work

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize that an understanding of mathematical principles and processes will enable them to analyze and solve problems systematically and efficiently.


  • Uses mental and written strategies to compute with accuracy and efficiency
  • Communicates mathematical thinking through written and oral language
  • Displays, analyzes, compares and interprets information to solve problems

Focus Areas & Objectives

Algebraic Reasoning

  • Analyzes physical phenomena, functions and patterns to identify relationships and make generalizations
  • Describes the effects of characteristics of mathematical relationships and the way the relationships are represented
  • Solves problems using various algebraic methods
  • Maintains equivalence in equations to determine solutions

Numerical & Proportional Reasoning

  • Represents real-world situations and solutions to problems using the appropriate symbolic form (fractions, decimals or percents)
  • Understands the use of scientific notation as related to powers of ten as an efficient method for writing and comparing very large numbers
  • Uses percents to make comparisons between groups of unequal size
  • Extends the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to negative numbers

Geometry & Measurement

  • Describes and classifies polygons according to their transformational properties
  • Understands how 3-dimensional objects can be represented in 2 dimensions using base plans, orthogonal views, nets and isometric drawings
  • Solves geometric and measurement problems through the use of a variety of tools, techniques and strategies

Working with Data

  • Selects the appropriate visual representation of data based on the kind of data collected and purpose for their use
  • Understands that measures of central tendency and spread can be used to describe data sets and justify conclusions
  • Compares and determines experimental and theoretical probabilities

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that through knowledge of science concepts and the use of observation, questioning and analysis, they will achieve an understanding and appreciation of the world and their role as innovators and stewards of the earth.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of content knowledge
  • Thinks critically and logically to formulate explanations from evidence
  • Communicates scientific data accurately and effectively

Focus Areas & Objectives

Energy in the Earth’s Systems

  • Describes how folded and faulted rock layers provide evidence of gradual up and down motion of the Earth’s crust
  • Explains how glaciation, weathering and erosion create and shape valleys and floodplains
  • Explains how the boundaries of the tectonic plates can be inferred from the location of earthquakes and volcanoes


  • Explains the differences in cell division in somatic and germ cells
  • Describes the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems
  • Describes how genetic information is organized in genes on chromosomes and explains gender determination in humans

Structure & Function

  • Describes the basic structures of an animal cell and how they function to support life
  • Describes the structures of the human digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems and explains how they function to bring oxygen and nutrients to the cells and expel waste materials
  • Explains how the human musculoskeletal system supports the body and allows movement

Science & Technology in Society

  • Explains how freezing, dehydration, pickling and irradiation prevent food spoilage caused by microbes

Enduring Understanding

Students will appreciate that by understanding others and the world around them, they will be prepared to enjoy the rights and assume the responsibilities as citizens of a global society.


  • Demonstrates an understanding of concepts and vocabulary
  • Uses research skills to collect and interpret information
  • Communicates information in a variety of ways

Focus Areas & Objectives

Content Knowledge

  • Evaluates the impact of interactions between the United States and other countries
  • Evaluates and explains the cultural contributions of a variety of past and present civilizations
  • Explains how individuals and their ideas influenced history
  • Explains how geographic features help to explain historical events or contemporary issues
  • Compares and contrasts the impact of technology on the environment in different times and places
  • Evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of different forms of government in the past and present and the effects on citizens
  • Analyzes and compares the different economic systems operating in the world
  • Compares and contracts the similarities and differences of cultural groups

History/Social Studies Literacy Skills

  • Gathers, analyzes information and draws conclusions from thematic maps and historic charts
  • Creates written work expressing more than one point of view
  • States and defends point of view using relevant evidence


  • Evaluates the quality of evidence from various sources supporting a point of view
  • Identifies a current issue or event and participates in helping to address the issue

Enduring Understanding

Through the study of world language and culture, students will appreciate the richness inherent in a diverse world and will develop a greater awareness of their native language and culture.


  • Understands and responds to simple questions and commands n the target language
  • Recognizes and produces theme vocabulary in the target language

Focus Areas & Objectives 


  • Exchanges information with peers (both face-to-face and in writing) about events in their everyday lives and memorable experiences
  • Sustains listening comprehension when confronted with less familiar topics by relying on verbal and nonverbal cues and listening for rephrasing and circumlocution


  • Observes, identifies and discusses patterns of behavior or interaction that are typical of their peer group in the target culture


  • Uses new information and perspectives gained though world language study to expand their personal knowledge


  • Uses multimedia sources to expand their understanding of the target culture(s) and integrate it with their existing knowledge base
  • Develops the necessary skills to use the Internet/World Wide Web in order to gain greater access to the target culture(s)
  • Understands how idiomatic expressions affect communication and reflect culture


  • Discusses their families, school experiences, free-time activities and current events in the target language in written or oral form

Enduring Understanding

Students will demonstrate an understanding of and appreciation for the importance of art as a means for enjoyment and self expression.


  • Understands and applies the elements and principles of design
  • Accepts constructive criticism and challenges self to develop new artistic skills

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Selects media, techniques and processes to communicate ideas, reflect on their choices and analyze what makes them effective
  • Uses different media, techniques and processes (two-dimensional and three-dimensional, including media/technology) to communicate ideas, feelings, experiences and stories

Elements & Principles

  • Selects and uses the elements of art and principles of design to improve communication of their ideas


  • Considers and compares the sources for subject matter, symbols and ideas in their own and others’ work

History & Culture

  • Knows and compares the characteristics, purposes and significance of works of art representing various cultures, historical periods and artists


  • Compares the characteristics of works in the visual arts and other art forms that share similar subject matter, themes, purposes, historical periods or cultural context


  • Describes and analyzes visual characteristics of works of art using visual art terminology

Enduring Understanding

Students will understand that music is an avenue for social interaction, self-expression and enjoyment.


  • Creates music appropriate for grade level
  • Performs music appropriate for grade level
  • Responds to music appropriate for grade level
  • Notates music appropriate for grade level

Focus Areas & Objectives

Vocal & Instrumental

  • Sings a repertoire of vocal literature with good breath control, expression and technical accuracy
  • Performs on at least one instrument accurately and independently, alone and in small and large ensembles
  • Performs music representing diverse genres and cultures, with expression appropriate for the work being performed

Improvisation & Composition

  • Improvises melodic embellishments and simple rhythmic and melodic variations on given pentatonic melodies and melodies in major keys
  • Composes short pieces within specified guidelines, demonstrating how the elements of music are used

Reading & Notation

  • Reads whole, half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth, and dotted notes and rests in 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, 6/8, 3/8, and alla breve meter signatures
  • Identifies and defines standard notation symbols for pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tempo, articulation and expression and interprets them correctly
  • Uses standard notation to record their musical ideas and those of others

Responding to Music

  • Describes specific music events in a given aural example using appropriate terminology
  • Compares, in several world cultures, the functions music serves, roles of musicians and conditions under which music is typically performed

Enduring Understanding

Students will develop an appreciation of technological resources and the printed word as sources of information.


  • Employs strategies to locate and evaluate information
  • Uses electronic resources to produce, store, retrieve and share a variety of documents
  • Demonstrates the ability to communicate with others via electronic media
  • Demonstrates an understanding of ethical and safety issues

Focus Areas & Objectives


  • Defines information needs
  • Identifies a course of action to conduct research and solve problems
  • Locates and evaluates information from a variety of sources

Social, Ethical and Human Issues

  • Understands ethical and safety issues involving the use of technology

Technology Tools

  • Locates, produces, stores, retrieves and shares a variety of documents
  • Communicates with others via electronic resources
  • Performs basic troubleshooting procedures when technical problems arise

Enduring Understanding

Students will recognize the importance of physical activity in providing opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and social interaction.


  • Demonstrates motor skills for sports and activities
  • Demonstrates appropriate fitness levels

Focus Areas & Objectives

Physical Activity

  • Demonstrates increasing competence in more advanced specialized skills
  • Adapts and combines skills for increasingly complex situations
  • Participates in modified versions of a variety of movement forms

Human Movement

  • Identifies and applies principles of practice and conditioning which enhance movement performance


  • Assess physiological indicators of exercise during and after physical activity
  • Develops personal goals and strategies for the improvement of selected fitness components necessary for a healthy lifestyle
  • Meets and /or shows improvement in all components of the health-related fitness standards as defined by the Connecticut Health-Related Fitness Assessment

Responsible Behavior & Respect for Differences

  • Recognizes the role of sport and games in modern culture
  • Demonstrates behaviors that are supportive and inclusive when meeting the individual needs of peers in physical activity settings

Benefits of Physical Activity

  • Recognizes that meeting challenges in physical activities leads to self-actualization and opportunity for social interaction